Today, 63% of Belarusians believe that abortion should be legal in most or all cases. The attitudes of Belarusians towards abortion are similar to those of Americans,
62% of whom support the right to an abortion in most or all cases. However, this number has fallen from 75% in Belarus since November of 2020, when Chatham House carried out a similar survey
. Furthermore, the number of people who do not have a position on this question has grown: from 7% to 20%.
Interestingly, support for abortion rights increases predictably in proportion to a city’s size. Thus, residents of Minsk display the most support for abortion rights in all cases (at 38%), while residents of small towns (with populations of 5,000 to 15,000) are the most likely to support a complete ban on abortion.
No particular gender discrepancy can be observed when it comes to the abortion question, although slightly more men than women (15% and 10% respectively) support a ban on abortion in all cases. We also looked at the correlation between positions on abortion and geopolitical preferences. We found that among supporters of an alliance with the EU, more than 80% support abortion rights in most or all cases. Meanwhile, 53% of Belarusians who align themselves with Russia hold a similar position on abortion. Not a single respondent supported both alignment with the EU and a total ban on abortion; 7% of proponents of an alliance with Russia would totally ban abortion.
When we break society down into segments, the democratic core
largely support the right to abortion in all or most cases (at 72% and 77% respectively). Also of note, among the silent observer
group, almost half of respondents did not have a position regarding abortion.